Societal attitudes and the level of support provided by local and national authorities are important factors determining the quality of life of people with autism. Evidence-based psychosocial interventions can improve communication and social skills, with a positive impact on the well-being and quality of life of both autistic people and their caregivers. For many years, a diagnosis of autism was rare, occurring in just one child out of 2,000. Autism was not clearly defined until 1980 when the disorder was included in the DSM-III. Before that time, some cases of autism spectrum disorder may have been mistaken for other conditions.
Differences in brain biology
But they might have difficulty communicating about other things. ASD describes a group of neurodevelopmental conditions that become evident during early childhood. Certain genetic and environmental factors can contribute to its development. And yet, autistic people are often subject to stigma and discrimination, including unjust deprivation of health care, education and opportunities to engage and participate in their communities. Autism – also referred to as autism spectrum disorder ̶ constitutes a diverse group of conditions related to development of the brain. Some evidence shows that people with autism may have low levels of certain vitamins and minerals.
Others may require continued aid or support throughout their lives. Swimming and other in-water activities can serve as both exercise and a sensory play activity. Sensory play activities can help autistic people who may have trouble processing signals from their senses. For instance, a 2-year-old without autism may show interest in simple games of make-believe. A 4-year-old without autism may enjoy engaging in activities with other children.
They have trouble understanding what other people think and feel. This makes it hard for them to express themselves, either with words or through gestures, facial expressions, and touch. Treatment for ASD should begin as soon as possible after diagnosis. Early treatment for ASD is important as proper care and services can reduce individuals’ difficulties while helping them build on their strengths and learn new skills. Science Education Use these free digital, outreach materials in your community and on social media to spread the word about mental health. Digital Shareables Use these free education and outreach materials in your community and on social media to spread the word about mental health and related topics. Our Autism Response Team is specially trained to connect people with autism, their families, and caretakers to information, tools, and resources.
Read more about Piano lessons for Autistic Child here.
School-based educational programs designed for children with autism can be effective in improving intellectual functioning. People with autism often have co-occurring conditions, including epilepsy, depression, anxiety and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder as well as challenging behaviours such as difficulty sleeping and self-injury. The level of intellectual functioning among autistic people varies widely, extending from profound impairment to superior levels. The abilities and needs of autistic people vary and can evolve over time. While some people with autism can live independently, others have severe disabilities and require life-long care and support. Autism often has an impact on education and employment opportunities. In addition, the demands on families providing care and support can be significant.